Basic Router Setup Guide

The basic Router setup guide is here, follow this guide to set up your home or office router to ensure security and performance.
First of all, DHCP are enable on most router, DHCP stand for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, when you plug a new device into the network, the device will ask the DHCP server for a unique IP address. But when you plug in a new router into the network, what is the router IP address? Normally the router came with a IP address that is set by the factory. So when you first plug in the router to the network you can use the default router IP to access the router management interface. Following are some router’s default login username and password:
Brand Username Password
ASUS admin admin
Buffalo root n/a
TP-Link admin admin
D-Links admin n/a
LevelOne admin password
NETGEAR admin password
DrayTek admin admin
Sonicwall admin password
If we does not list your router username and password, you could google it with your router model + default password After login follow the following stepts:
  1. Change admin login password (If your router allow, change the admin username as well)
  2. Config router IP address and setup the LAN (local area network)
  3. Config WAN setting (enable internet access)
  4. Setup IP range configuration
  5. Update firmware
  6. Setup WIFI
  7. Setup VPN
  8. Config Port Forwarding rules
If you still don’t know what to do, you can comment down below, I can help you down below. Back of a router normally has Power input, WAN port and LAN ports and a reset button. Plug in the corresponding cable, modem cable plug in to WAN port, and LAN port cable can plug in to your desktop or laptop or a switch. and then navigate to or (this link only use with ASUS router) you can find out what is you router default IP address in the user menuel. Use any of the browser Basic Settings:
  1. WAN – internet access
    1. Most of the services provider are use DHCP, you only need to set the WAN to get IP from the DHCP server, you can access the internet once your router get a IP address from the DHCP server.
  2. LAN – local area network
    1. Confirm that your router enable the DHCP services, then any devices plugin the network will be assign a internal IP address, then your devices are able to access the internet.
    2. The following are my habit of configuration:
      1. Change router IP address other then factory default IP
      2. Set DHCP server IP address pool
        1. You can partition your LAN with the following segments.
          .1 – .10 Servers
          .20 – .30 TVs, ChromeCasts
          .50 – .60 IP Cams
          .70 – .199 DHCP range (.80 – .90)
          .200 – .210 Printers
          .240 – .250 Switch
          .251 – .254 Routers
        2. DHCP range no need to set too much, you can increase when you go, and fix IP address are not count in the address pool.
    3. Wireless – setting up the WLAN
      1. SSID – Wireless access point name
      2. Security – WPA2-Personal
      3. Encryption – AES
      4. WPA Pre-Shared Key – wifi password
Finally save and backup the configuration, and check any latest firmware update.
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